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Michelle Ajemian STEM Industry Specialist
Michelle Ajemian- email

How to create your career in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM):

If you are majoring in the field of Natural Sciences, Mathematics, Engineering or Technology you will find that there are limitless possibilities for careers that make an impact on today's global societies. 

Careers in the Natural Sciences and Mathematics

Natural Sciences and Mathematics is a gateway to a large number of occupations, many of which require very specific course- work for transfer and/or admission to professional schools. The academic challenge, independent reasoning and critical thinking skills required for these fields provides professional opportunities in a host of industries.

When you think of science workers, you might picture a chemist in a white lab coat running experiments—and you'd be right. But science goes beyond the laboratory. Scientists are also involved in teamwork, communication, and data analysis. Many scientists have a bach­elor's degree; often, these scientists work as research assistants or in applied sciences. But for those who focus on research, a doctorate and, possibly, years of postdoc­toral training are usually the minimum requirements.

Sample Industries for Biology Majors:
  • Biotechnology
  • Pharmaceutical
  • Food Processing
  • Agricultural Research
  • Space Research
  • Water Districts
  • Park Districts
  • Municipal Utility Districts
  • Education Research
  • Medicine/Allied Health Care
  • Government Agencies
  • Museums
Sample Professions for Chemistry and Biochemistry Majors:
  • Research Scientist
  • Biochemical Engineer
  • Pharmaceutical Sales
  • Bioinformatics Specialist
  • Astronaut
  • Manufacturing Engineer
  • Food or Soil & Plant Specialist
  • Nuclear Monitoring Technician
  • Chemist
  • Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologist
  • Quality Control Analyst
  • Teacher/Professor
Sample Professions for Physics Majors:
  • Astronomer
  • Geophysicist
  • Nuclear Engineer
  • Patent Lawyer
  • Experimental Physicist
  • Theoretical Physicist
  • Teacher/Professor
  • Mining & Geological Engineer
  • Petroleum Engineer
Sample Professions for Geology Majors:
  • Engineering Geologist
  • Geothermal Geologist
  • Marine Geologist
  • Mineralogist
  • Mining Geologist
  • Petroleum Geologist
  • Space Geologist
  • Hydrologist
  • Geographer

CAREERS IN MATHEMATICS

Mathematicians develop new mathematical theories and tools to solve problems. Some devise or decipher encryption methods to protect confidential information. Many occupations use mathematics. But some occu­pations focus on mathematics almost exclusively. Mathematical occupations usually require a master's or doctoral degree. A notable exception is actuaries, who usually need at least a bachelor's degree and a passing score on an actuarial exam.

Sample Professions for Mathematics Majors:
  • Statistician
  • Actuary
  • Underwriter
  • Educator/Professor
  • Financial Analyst
  • Economist
  • Systems Analyst
  • Scientific Programmer
  • Insurance
  • Sales
  • Business Programmer
  • Statistician
SCIENCE & MATHEMATICS JOB/INTERNSHIP & PROFESSIONAL ASSOCIATION RESOURCES

All Majors

Biology

Chemistry

Geology

Mathematics & Statistics

Physics 

Science & Mathematics Professional Associations

Special Interest Science Professional Associations 

Student Leadership Organizations

 

CAREERS IN ENGINEERING

Engineers use scientific knowledge and tools to design products, structures, and machines. They are problem solvers who use their expertise in science and math to do their job. The work of engineers has a more widespread impact on people than virtually any other discipline. Engineers have influenced discoveries and inventions that have become essential to our everyday lives.

All engineers apply scientific knowledge and principles for practical applications. They design and test new machines, materials, and products as well as new processes and systems, and they work to improve existing ones. Most engineers specialize in a particular area but have a base of knowledge and training that can be applied in many fields

The engineering field is broad but most engineers work in these branches of engineering:

      • Aerospace
      • Mechanical
      • Environmental
      • Civil
      • Agricultural Mining and Geological Industrial
      • Computer Hardware
      • Biomedical
      • Nuclear
      • Materials
      • Electrical and Electronics
      • Chemical
      • Petroleum

To get an entry-level engineering job, one usually needs a bachelor's degree in engineering. Sometimes a bachelor's degree in physical science or mathematics may suffice, especially in high-demand specialties. Generally engineering students specialize in a particular branch of engineering but may eventually work in a related branch. Engineers who offer their services directly to the public must be licensed. These licensed engineers are called Professional Engineers (PE). To become licensed one must have a four year degree and successful completion of a state examination. Requirements vary by state.

ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY JOB/INTERNSHIP & PROFESSIONAL ASSOCIATION RESOURCES

All Majors

Computer Science/Technology

Biomedical Engineering 

Engineering Professional Associations

Civil & Environmental Engineering Professional Associations

Computer Engineering/Computer Science Professional Associations

Electrical Engineering Professional Associations

Mechanical/Materials/Aerospace Engineering Professional Associations

Technology Professional Associations

Special Interest Engineering Professional Associations

Student Leadership Organizations