California State University, Fullerton

Geography

DEPARTMENT CHAIR
John Carroll

DEPARTMENT OFFICE
Humanities 420A

DEPARTMENT WEBSITE
http://geography.fullerton.edu

PROGRAMS OFFERED
Bachelor of Arts in Geography
Minor in Geography
Master of Arts in Geography

FACULTY
Jason Blackburn, John Carroll, Mark Drayse, Wayne Engstrom, James Miller, Jon Taylor, Robert Voeks, Jindong Wu, Lei Xu, Robert Young

ADVISERS
Undergraduate: Mark Drayse
Graduate: Jon Taylor

INTRODUCTION
Geography is the study of the earth as the home of humanity. Geography provides a broad understanding of the processes that unite people, places and environments. Geographers explore the diverse regions of the contemporary world in pursuit of global understanding. They tie together the study of human spatial organizations and cultural landscapes with an in-depth investigation of the earth’s landforms, climates and vegetation. Their methods range from fieldwork in foreign areas to advanced information technologies like computerized geographic information systems and remote sensing. Geography graduates find rewarding careers in environmental analysis and planning, business, government agencies and education.

International Learning Opportunities in Geography
The Department of Geography is strongly committed to providing students with an international perspective. Geography 100 Global Geography offers a broad overview of the major countries and regions of the earth. Upper-division courses in Latin America (Geography 333), Europe (Geography 336), Asia (Geography 340) and Africa (Geography 344) offer an opportunity for in-depth study of specific regions. Finally, many other courses (Geography 120 Global Environmental Problems and Geography 360 Geography of the World’s Economies, for example), include a strong international emphasis. In recent years, members of the geography faculty have conducted fieldwork in Asia, South America and Europe.

BACHELOR OF ARTS IN GEOGRAPHY
Credential Information
The bachelor’s degree in geography may be effectively combined with subject matter studies necessary for either the multiple subject teaching credential (K-8) or single subject credential (7-12) in social studies. Undergraduates are encouraged to work with the Center for Careers in Teaching (657-278-7130) as early as possible in their academic careers to plan efficient course selections for general education, the major and electives. With careful planning, it may be possible to enter the credential program in the senior year of the bachelor’s degree. Postgraduate students should contact the Admission to Teacher Education office in the College of Education (657-278-3352) to obtain information on attending an overview presentation.

The Bachelor of Arts in Geography requires a minimum of 120 units, which includes courses for the major, General Education, all University requirements and free electives.

The major consists of at least 39 units of geography, of which at least 21 must be in upper-division courses. Students may satisfy some requirements with equivalent coursework taken at other institutions. Each course counted toward the major must be completed with a grade of “C” (2.0) or higher. Students are encouraged to take additional geography courses beyond the minimum required for the major.

MAJOR IN GEOGRAPHY
The major consists of a total of 39 units of coursework.

Core Courses (15 units)
Geography 100 Global Geography (3)
Geography 110 Introduction to the Natural Environment (3)
Geography 160 Human Geography (3)
Geography 281 Map Making with GIS (3)
Three additional units from courses numbered 280 to 289.

Upper-Division Courses
Environmental Geography (3 units), one of the following:
Geography 329 Cities and Nature (3)
Geography 350 Nature and Society (3)

Human Geography (3 units), one of the following:
Geography 357 Spatial Behavior (3)
Geography 360 Geography of the World’s Economies (3)
Geography 370 Cities and Suburbs (3)
Geography 375 Population Geography (3)

Physical Geography (3 units), one of the following:
Geography 312 Geomorphology (3)
Geography 323 Weather and Climate (3)
Geography 325 Natural Vegetation (3)

Regional Geography (3 units)
Three units from courses numbered 330 to 349.

Advanced Geography (6 units)
Six units from courses numbered 400 to 489.

Geography Elective (3 units)
Three units lower- or upper-division geography not used to satisfy any other requirement.

Upper-Division Writing Requirement (3 units), one from the following:
English 301 Advanced College Writing (3)
English 360 Scientific and Technical Writing (3)

Capstone Requirement
Prior to graduation, each student must demonstrate a critical understanding of the major processes that shape the earth’s landscapes, regions and places, and that influence human interaction with the earth’s cultural and physical environments. This requirement will be met through satisfactory completion of one of the following capstone courses:

Geography 422 Global Climate Change (3)
Geography 425 Tropical Rainforests (3)
Geography 426 The Coastal Environment (3)
Geography 450 Human Response to Environmental Hazards (3)
Geography 452 Ecotourism (3)
Geography 475 Interpretation of Urban Landscapes (3)
Geography 478 Urban Planning Principles (3)
Geography 488 Land Use Analysis (3)

Units earned from the capstone course can be used to satisfy the Advanced Geography or Geography Elective requirements of the Geography Major.

EMPHASIS IN ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS
Geography graduates often find employment in such areas as environmental planning and related technical fields. For this reason, an optional upper-division emphasis in environmental analysis is available within the major. The emphasis consists of a total of 39 units of coursework.

Core Courses (15 units)
Geography 100 Global Geography (3)
Geography 110 Introduction to the Natural Environment (3)
Geography 160 Human Geography (3)
Geography 281 Map Making with GIS (3)
Three additional units from courses numbered 280 to 289.

Upper-Division Courses
Environmental Geography (3 units)
Geography 350 Nature and Society (3)

Human Geography (3 units), one from the following:
Geography 357 Spatial Behavior (3)
Geography 360 Geography of the World’s Economies (3)
Geography 370 Cities and Suburbs (3)
Geography 375 Population Geography (3)

Physical Geography (6 units), two from the following:
Geography 329 Cities and Nature(3)
Geography 312 Geomorphology (3)
Geography 323 Weather and Climate (3)
Geography 325 Natural Vegetation (3)

Regional Geography (3 units)
Three units from geography courses numbered 330 to 347.

Advanced Geography (6 units), two from the following:
Geography 422 Global Climate Change (3)
Geography 425 Tropical Rainforests (3)
Geography 426 The Coastal Environment (3)
Geography 482 Environmental Impact Assessment (3)
Geography 488 Land Use Analysis (3)

Upper-Division Writing Requirement (3 units), one of the following:
English 301 Advanced College Writing (3)
English 360 Scientific and Technical Writing (3)

Capstone Requirement
Prior to graduation, each student must demonstrate a critical understanding of the major processes that shape the earth’s landscapes, regions and place, and that influence human interaction with the earth’s cultural and physical environments. This requirement will be met through satisfactory completion of one of the following capstone courses:

Geography 422 Global Climate Change (3)
Geography 425 Tropical Rainforests (3)
Geography 426 The Coastal Environment (3)
Geography 450 Human Response to Environmental Hazards (3)
Geography 452 Ecotourism (3)
Geography 488 Land Use Analysis (3)

Units earned from the capstone course can be used to satisfy the Advanced Geography requirement of the Emphasis in Environmental Analysis.

MINOR IN GEOGRAPHY
The minor in geography serves students seeking a geographic perspective to complement their major. Interested students should take at least 21 units of geography, including Geography 100 and three units from the following: 110, 120, 160 or 281; and a minimum of 12 units of upper-division work. All courses counted toward the minor must be completed with a grade of “C” (2.0) or higher. Faculty advisers are available to help students structure their minor in geography.

Back to Top

MASTER OF ARTS IN GEOGRAPHY
This program provides advanced study in human and physical geography with an emphasis on theory and research. Graduates are prepared in the application of interpretive and analytical concepts and techniques to a broad spectrum of geographic situations. Such study directly serves those whose careers involve urban, regional, and environmental planning and geographic education. Geographic perspectives and methods are highly applicable to a wide range of careers in business, industry and government.

Application Deadlines
The deadlines for completing online applications are March 1 for the fall semester and October 1 for the spring semester (see http://www.csumentor.edu). Mailed applications need to be postmarked by the same deadlines. However, deadlines may be changed based upon enrollment projections.

Admission and Conditional Classification
The department requires a grade-point average of at least 3.0 in the last 60 semester units attempted and a 3.0 grade-point average in all geography courses. Students who have no, or a limited, background in geography will be expected to make up the deficit by taking appropriate coursework in consultation with the departmental graduate adviser.

All students are required to demonstrate competency in each of geography’s four main subfields: human, physical, regional and technical. Competency is normally demonstrated by completion of at least 18 units at the upper-division or graduate level with a 3.0 grade-point average.

Graduate Standing: Classified
After completion of all prerequisites and removal of deficiencies, the student must develop an approved study plan in consultation with a personal faculty adviser and the graduate program adviser in order to be classified.

All students must complete six units of upper-division technical courses. Three units are prerequisite to classified standing. If the remaining three units were not taken as undergraduate work, they may be included in the study plan.

Study Plan
The study plan consists of 30 units of coursework distributed as follows:

Required Courses
Geography 500 Seminar in Geographic Research (3)
Geography 520 Seminar in Physical Geography (3)
Geography 550 Seminar in Human Geography (3)
Geography 599 Independent Graduate Research (3)
One additional 500-level geography course (3)

Electives (12-15 units)
Senior-level or graduate coursework in geography (15 units unless approved for thesis; may include additional Geography 500-level courses; up to six units from related fields).

Thesis or Comprehensive Exam (0-3 units)
Geography 598 Thesis (3) (department approval required)

Students must follow one of two plans: Plan A, requiring a comprehensive examination; or Plan B, requiring a thesis.

Plan A requires the development of a specific field of interest and a written, three-part comprehensive exam testing knowledge in human geography, physical geography and the student’s specified area of interest. The examination may be repeated only once. Plan B requires the development of a specific field of interest, a written thesis and a subsequent oral defense.

All students will follow Plan A unless approval for the thesis option is granted. In order to follow Plan B, the thesis option, students must have the written consent of their thesis supervisor and all members of a thesis committee. Permission to write a thesis may be granted only to students who have (1) achieved a 3.25 grade-point average after 15 units of upper-division and graduate coursework and (2) demonstrated proficiency in research and writing skills.

For further details or advisement, communicate with the Department of Geography graduate program adviser.

GEOGRAPHY COURSES
Courses are designated as GEOG in the class schedule.

GEOG 100    Global Geography

Description: Introduction to world’s geographical regions. Cultural patterns and their evolution in diverse physical environments. One or more sections offered online.
Units: (3)

GEOG 110    Introduction to the Natural Environment

Description: Prerequisite: completion of General Education (G. E.) Categories III.A.1 and III.A.2. Introduction to the major components of the physical environment, including landforms, climate, natural vegetation and soils. One or more sections offered online.
Units: (3)

GEOG 120    Global Environmental Problems

Description: Prerequisite: completion of G. E. Category III.A.2. Geographical analysis of the Earth’s principal environmental problems. Subjects include population growth, agriculture and pesticides, climate change, forestry and fishing, energy, endangered species and appropriate development. One or more sections offered online.
Units: (3)

GEOG 160    Human Geography

Description: Prerequisite: completion of G. E. Category III.C.1. An Introduction to Human Geography. Understanding the regional distribution of language, religion, population, migration and settlement patterns, political organization, technology, methods of livelihood over the earth. One or more sections offered online.
Units: (3)

GEOG 281    Map Making with Geographic Information Systems

Description: Principles and practice of effective map making using computerized geographic information systems technology. (2 hours lecture, 2 hours laboratory)
Units: (3)

GEOG 283    Introduction to Spatial Data

Description: Introduction to the variety of evidence used in geographic analysis and the sources and techniques for acquiring geographic evidence.
Units: (3)

GEOG 312    Geomorphology

Description: Prerequisites: Geog 110, Geology 101. Landforms and the processes responsible for their evolution.
Units: (3)

GEOG 323    Weather and Climate

Description: Prerequisite: Geog 110. Atmospheric elements and controls, fronts, severe weather and climatic classification systems.
Units: (3)

GEOG 325    Natural Vegetation

Description: Geography of the globe’s natural vegetation associations. Role of plate tectonics, climate, soils, fire and humans as agents of landscape-level vegetation change.
Units: (3)

GEOG 329    Cities and Nature

Description: Prerequisites: completion of G. E. Categories III.A.1 and III.A.2 or III.A.2.b. Overview of the impact of urbanization on landforms, climate, vegetation, and animals. Planning implications and case studies.
Units: (3)

GEOG 330    California

Description: Landscapes of California, their environmental characteristics, development patterns and current problems.
Units: (3)

GEOG 332    United States and Canada

Description: Prerequisite: completion of G. E. Category III.C.1. United States and Canada. Interrelated physical and cultural features that give geographic personality to the regions.
Units: (3)

GEOG 333    Latin America

Description: Prerequisite: completion of G. E. Category III.C.1. Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean and South America. Explores the regions’ physical and cultural landscapes. Emphasizes nature-society problems.
Units: (3)

GEOG 336    Europe

Description: Basic physical and human lineaments of Europe. Elements that distinguish and give character to its major regional divisions.
Units: (3)

GEOG 340    Asia

Description: Prerequisite: completion of the G. E. Category III.C.1. Physical, human and regional geography of Asia, from Pakistan and India through Southeast Asia and the Malay Archipelago to China, Japan and Korea. One or more sections offered on line.
Units: (3)

GEOG 342    The Middle East

Description: Prerequisite: completion of the G. E. Category III.C.1. Geography of the Middle East from North Africa to Central Asia, with emphasis on the region’s physical, cultural, historical, economic, and political geography and contemporary issues facing the region.
Units: (3)

GEOG 344    Africa

Description: Physical, human and regional geography of Africa. Saharan borderlands, East Africa and Southern Africa.
Units: (3)

GEOG 350    Nature and Society

Description: Prerequisite: completion of G. E. Category III.C.1. Interface between human systems and natural systems. Factors affecting human interaction with the earth, including environmental ethics, public policy and technology.
Units: (3)

GEOG 352    The National Parks

Description: The park system and its evolution as related to conservation, preservation and recreational land use. Cultural heritage and physical environment.
Units: (3)

GEOG 357    Spatial Behavior

Description: Geographic approach to perception and behavior in local and global spatial settings.
Units: (3)

GEOG 360    Geography of the World’s Economies

Description: Geographic perspectives on the global production of goods and services and their distribution to consumers. Key geographic issues in uneven development, international trade, investment patterns, and the spatial integration of local and regional economies.
Units: (3)

GEOG 370    Cities and Suburbs

Description: American metropolitan systems and city-region linkages. Theories and spatial models of social and economic patterns within cities and suburbs; planning implications of these locational patterns.
Units: (3)

GEOG 375    Population Geography

Description: Prerequisites: Geog 160 and junior standing. Theories, models, concepts and facts in the field of population geography, growth and distribution, with an emphasis on birth, death and migration processes.
Units: (3)

GEOG 422    Global Climate Change

Description: Prerequisite: Geog 323. Physical factors that produce climatic patterns and regional impacts of climate change.
Units: (3)

GEOG 425    Tropical Rainforests

Description: Prerequisites: Geog 110 and Geog 325 or equivalent. Discussion/seminar examining the geography, ecology and human use of tropical rainforests. Causes and consequences of deforestation, sustainable development and preservation.
Units: (3)

GEOG 426    The Coastal Environment

Description: Prerequisites: Geog 110 and one upper-division physical geography course. An overview of coastal geomorphology, climatology, and plant geography with an emphasis on Southern California. Human interaction, modification, and management of those systems.
Units: (3)

GEOG 450    Human Response to Environmental Hazards

Description: Prerequisites: Geog 110 and at least one 300-level geography course; Geography 350 preferred. Issues involved as humans endeavor to minimize the impact of hazards in the environment. Importance of cognition, perception, communication, mitigation and preparedness as societies cope with hazards posed by the natural world and human action.
Units: (3)

GEOG 452    Ecotourism

Description: Evolution and distribution of nature-based tourism. Role of ecotourism in regional development and environmental conservation. Sociocultural impacts in less developed countries.
Units: (3)

GEOG 475    Interpretation of Urban Landscapes

Description: Prerequisites: Geog 357 or 370 and consent of instructor. Geographic view of the city as a landscape composite of structure, space, place and experience. Emphasizes the European and North American city.
Units: (3)

GEOG 478    Urban Planning Principles

Description: Prerequisite: Geog 370 or Poli Sci 320. Seminar/discussion on conceptual themes and legal foundations of American urban planning. Policy areas associated with urbanization and suburbanization processes: land use, economic development, redevelopment, housing systems, neighborhood dynamics and growth management. (Same as Political Science 478)
Units: (3)

GEOG 481    Geographic Information Systems: Introduction

Description: Methods and applications of computer-assisted mapping and geographic information systems. (2 hours discussion, 3 hours lab)
Units: (3)

GEOG 482    Environmental Impact Assessment

Description: Prerequisites: Geog 350, 478, or equivalent. Techniques relevant to environmental impact assessment in accord with CEQA (state) and NEPA (federal) regulations. Systematic evaluation of major environmental impact topics. Individual and small team activities.
Units: (3)

GEOG 484    Urban Planning Methods

Description: Prerequisite: Geog 478 or Poli Sci 478. Seminar and Practicum on methods in urban planning. Analytical techniques and basic data sources. Population forecasting, housing surveys, economic development, fiscal impacts and area revitalization. Individual and team projects. (Same as Political Science 484)
Units: (3)

GEOG 485    Geographic Information Systems: Principles and Applications

Description: Prerequisite: Geog 481 or equivalent. Integrated computer-assisted methods for handling spatial data, including database design, data conversion and updating, information retrieval, analysis, modeling and mapping. Instructional fee.
Units: (3)

GEOG 486    Environmental Remote Sensing

Description: Prerequisite: Geog 481. Fundamentals of remote sensing science and digital image processing. Remote sensing principles and the processing and interpretation of remotely sensed data using image processing techniques and software.
Units: (3)

GEOG 488    Land Use Analysis

Description: Prerequisites: junior, senior or graduate standing and consent of instructor. Urban and rural land use and settlement; geographic field problems. Application of geographic techniques and tools to local field studies.
Units: (3)

GEOG 495    Internship in Applied Geography

Description: Students work specified number of hours in appropriate public or private organizations under the supervision of their staff and as coordinated by departmental faculty. Interns meet with instructor by arrangement. May be repeated for a maximum of three units of credit.
Units: (1-3)

GEOG 499    Independent Study

Description: Prerequisite: senior standing. Consent of instructor under whom study will be taken required before enrolling. May be repeated for a maximum of six units of credit.
Units: (1-3)

GEOG 500    Seminar in Geographic Research

Description: Prerequisites: graduate standing and consent of instructor. A required seminar to be taken prior to the development of a thesis.
Units: (3)

GEOG 520    Seminar in Physical Geography

Description: Prerequisite: graduate standing. Research in physical geography: methods and contemporary themes. Case studies in climatology, geomorphology and plant geography.
Units: (3)

GEOG 530T    Seminar: Selected Topics in Geography

Description: Prerequisite: graduate standing. Various topics selected from any of the subfields of geography. The topic chosen and a general outline of the seminar are circulated prior to registration. May be repeated for credit.
Units: (3)

GEOG 550    Seminar in Human Geography

Description: Prerequisite: graduate standing. Survey of methodology and case studies, including: experiential environments; rural landscapes; urban, social and economic structure; geography and public policy; and Third World development. Meets the graduate level writing requirement.
Units: (3)

GEOG 597    Project

Description: Prerequisites: Geog 500 and consent of adviser. 
Units: (3)

GEOG 598    Thesis

Description: Prerequisites: completion of Geog 500, advancement to candidacy and consent of instructor. 
Units: (3)

GEOG 599    Independent Graduate Research

Description: Open to graduate students by consent of instructor. May be repeated for credit.
Units: (1-3)



Back to Top