Visual Impairment


An overall term that includes all levels of vision loss, from partially sighted to complete blindness.


  • Physical fitness is below those of sighted peers
  • Balance development is impaired
  • Fundamental motor patterns and skills are delayed
  • Physical growth and maturation may be impaired
  • Wide variation in residual vision

Teaching Strategies

  • Use other sensory modalities for providing information
  • Use games for social development
  • Use a beeper, constant sound source, etc.
  • Place students where they can best hear instructions
  • Use contrasts between figure and background
  • Increase or decrease the grade to indicate play boundaries
  • Begin new game in slower motion



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