Carol Barnes interviewed by Natalie Fousekis, March 17, 2016, Palm Desert, California, Oral History #5842, transcript, Women Politics, and Activism Since Suffrage, Center for Oral and Public History, California State University, Fullerton.
An oral history of Carol Barnes, retired professor of Education at California State University, Fullerton, and co-founder of Women in Leadership (WIL). The interview was conducted for the Women, Politics, and Activism Since Suffrage Oral History Project for California State University, Fullerton’s Center for Oral and Public History. The purpose of this interview was to gather information regarding her political involvement as well as her tenure at CSUF. Specifically, this interview talks about Barnes’ childhood in Ann Arbor, Michigan; recalls how her life changed once her father passed away; school memories; shares how she met her first husband, Gary Barnes; work experiences as a teenager; how her mom made ends meet as a widow; talks about her childhood role models; talks about her family’s Republican background and childhood friendships with girls in a higher socio-economic demographic; comments on the ethnic diversity in Ann Arbor and her mother’s racism; being an Education major at University of Michigan and her first teaching jobs; memories of living at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base with her husband; process of getting a teaching credential at Eastern Michigan University; talks about taking classes with mathematician Glenn Graham; doctoral program at Ohio State; explains why she is a Republican; explains why her family moved to Southern California; talks about housing discrimination against ethnic minorities (e.g. blacks and Hispanics) and how she responded to her mother’s overt racism; talks about finishing her dissertation at Claremont Colleges and joining the Education faculty at Cal State Fullerton; why she served on the academic senate, and the campus climate towards women in the 1970s; talks about the creation of Women in Leadership (WIL) with Louise Adler, Karen Clark, and Marilyn Brewer; explains why candidates have to be local and pro-choice; why she never ran for public office; reflects on WIL’s greatest accomplishments; talks about gender discrimination women face in the political arena and workforce; how her feminist ideals influenced her children; current community involvement; why it’s important for women to be involved in politics; gender differences while serving on CSUF committees; differences in how men and women lead; shares advice to young women considering running for political office; defines feminism; talks about the 2016 presidential election, and current state of the Republican Party; describes how she helped create the Doctorate of Education degree at CSUF; and finally, reflects on the challenges of being a working mom.
Carol Barnes, 2016.
Carol Barnes and interviewer Dr. Natalie Fousekis, 2016.
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