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Disability Groups and the Means of Verification
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Be aware that certification requirements may be different from high school to college and from college to college. Please check with the Disability Support Services program at the college you are considering. The following certification requirements apply at California State University, Fullerton.

ACQUIRED BRAIN IMPAIRMENT (ABI)
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ABI is defined as acquired brain impairment caused by external or internal trauma, resulting in total or partial functional limitations that adversely affect or limit students' educational performance by impairing:

1. cognition, information processing, reasoning, abstract thinking, judgment and/or problem solving.

2. language and/or speech

3. memory and/or attention

4. sensory, perceptual and/or motor abilities

5. psychosocial behavior

6. physical functions

ABI does not apply to functional limitations resulting from brain trauma induced by birth, present at birth or which is progressive and/or degenerative in nature.

ELIGIBILITY FOR SERVICES. A licensed professional such as a psychologist, neuropsychologist, or physician can verify this disability, or by the documentation of a referring agency if a licensed professional as indicated above does the verification.

DEAF/HARD OF HEARING

Deaf/HOH means total deafness or a hearing loss so severe that a student is impaired in processing information through hearing, with or without amplification.

Deaf/HOH does not apply where the loss or impairment is the result of a psychological disability, autism, or ABI.

ELIGIBILITY FOR SERVICES. A physician or other licensed professional must verify the disability.

LEARNING DISABILITY (LD)
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Learning disability is defined as a persistent condition of a presumed neurological dysfunction. The dysfunction continues despite instruction in standard classroom situations. Learning disabilities are exhibited by:

1. persons of average to above-average intellectual ability and

2. persons with severe processing deficit(s) and/or

3. persons with severe aptitude-achievement discrepancy(ies).

A learning disability does not apply to learning problems resulting from any physical, visual, hearing impairments, psychological disability, ABI, below average intellectual functioning, or any health related disability.

ELIGIBILITY FOR SERVICES. This disability must be verified using the California State University LD eligibility criteria. Certain qualified DSS staff members verify this disability based on those criteria. Documentation of appropriate test results from a qualified professional must be submitted for review to these staff members.

The acceptable instruments for measuring aptitude are the WAIS-R, WAIS III, or WJ-R Cognitive Battery. These should be administered within the last three years prior to graduation if administered in high school. For adults assessed at age twenty-one or older the assessment should be no more than five years old. Raw scores and Standard Scores must be provided. The acceptable achievement tests are WJ-R Achievement Battery administered within the same time frames. A qualified professional must conduct this testing.

Even though a student has been diagnosed previously, the student must meet the criteria established by the California State University to be determined eligible for LD programs and services.

MOBILITY LIMITATION
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Mobility limitation is defined as any orthopedic or physical impairment that causes a serious limitation in locomotion or motor functions in the educational environment.

Mobility limitation may include: Impairments caused by congenital anomaly, disease, amputation, fractures and burns. Other conditions in this category include arthritis, spinal cord injury, post polio, multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy, and back injury.

Mobility limitation does not apply to mobility impairments due to seeing, hearing, or psychological or mobility limitations resulting from an ABI.

ELIGIBILITY FOR SERVICES. This disability can be verified by the personal observation of a DSS professional staff member, review of documentation from a physician, or documentation from a referring agency if a physician did the verification for that agency.

PSYCHOLOGICAL DISABILITY
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Psychological disability is defined as a persistent psychological or psychiatric disorder, emotional or mental illness that adversely affects educational performance. Psychological disability is a condition which:

1. is listed in the American Psychiatric Association Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV), and is coded on Axis I and/or II as moderate to severe;

2. reflects a psychiatric or psychological condition that interferes with a major life activity; and

3. poses a functional limitation in the educational settings.

4. Recovering drug and alcohol abusers are considered psychologically disabled as long as they are in or have completed a recovery program and meet all other conditions for this disability category.

ELIGIBILITY FOR SERVICE. A psychological disability can be verified by a qualified licensed mental health professional or psychiatrist or by the documentation of a referring agency if a licensed mental health professional or psychiatrist did the verification. Verification documents from the mental health professional or psychiatrist should include the DSM-IV diagnosis code and the name of the disorder plus a description of the condition as moderate to severe. The documentation should also include descriptions of the functional limitations as they apply to the educational setting including the impact of any medications prescribed for treatment.

SPEECH IMPAIRMENT
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Speech impairment is defined as one or more speech and language disorders of voice, articulation, rhythm and/or the receptive and expressive processes of language that limits the quality, accuracy, intelligibility or fluency of producing the sounds that comprise spoken language or the understanding of those produced by others.

Speech impairment does not apply to language having to do with a foreign accent. It also does not apply to any limitation that is caused by a physical or hearing impairment, psychological disability, learning disability or ABI.

ELIGIBILITY FOR SERVICES. This disability can be verified by a licensed speech professional or through documentation from a referring agency that obtains its verification from a licensed speech professional.

VISUAL LIMITATION
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Visual limitation is defined as a total or partial loss of sight that adversely affects a student's educational performance. Visual limitation does not apply where the loss or impairment is the result of psychological condition or ABI.

ELIGIBILITY FOR SERVICES. This disability can be verified by a physician, a licensed vision professional or through documentation from a referring agency relying upon verification from a physician or other licensed vision professional.

OTHER DISABILITY
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This category includes all other verifiable disabilities and health related limitations that adversely affect educational performance but do not fall into any of the other categories. Other disabilities include conditions having limited strength, vitality, or alertness due to chronic or acute health problems. Examples are environmental disabilities, heart conditions, tuberculosis, nephritis, sickle cell anemia, hemophilia, leukemia, epilepsy, acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), and diabetes.

ELIGIBILITY FOR SERVICES. A disability in the "other disabilities" category must be verified by an appropriate licensed or certified professional or through documentation from a referring agency that obtains its verification from an appropriate licensed or certified professional.

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